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Aegyptosaurus (meaning 'Egypt’s lizard', for the country in which it was discovered) is a genus of sauropod dinosaur believed to have lived in what is nowAfrica, around 95 million years ago, during the mid- and late-Cretaceous Period (Albian to Cenomanianstages). Like most sauropods, it had a long neck and a small skull. The animal's long tail probably acted as a counterweight to its body mass. Aegyptosaurus was a close relative of Argentinosaurus, a much larger dinosaur found in South America.

Aegyptosaurus was described by German paleontologist Ernst Stromer in 1932. Its fossils have been found in Egypt, Niger and in several different locations in the Sahara Desert. All known examples were discovered before 1939. The fossils were stored together in Munich, but were obliterated when an Allied bombing raid destroyed the museum where they were kept in 1944, during World War II.

It is possible that Aegyptosaurus was common prey for large predatory dinosaurs, such asCarcharodontosaurus and Spinosaurus.